ROS, MAP, MARS, Clinical Core
The eudaimonic approach to well-being focuses on the pursuit of self-fulfillment and self-realization. The eudaimonic subscale is measured using 9 items from a modified version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being. The questions relate to positive relations with others, purpose in life, and personal growth.
Participants are asked to rate how each item applies to themselves using a 7-point Likert rating scale (see below). Items that are positively worded are flipped so that higher ratings on all individual items indicate greater eudaimonic well-being. The subscale score is the mean of the item ratings, with a higher score relating to greater eudaimonic well-being.
Participants are presented the following items:
|Item no.||Item||Flipped (f)|
|1||Maintaining close relationships has been difficult and frustrating for me.|
|2||People would describe me as a giving person, willing to share my time with others.||(f)|
|3||I have not experienced many warm and trusting relationships with others.|
|4||For me, life has been a continuous process of learning, changing, and growing.||(f)|
|5||I think it is important to have new experiences that challenge how I think about myself and the world.||(f)|
|6||I gave up trying to make big improvements or changes in my life a long time ago,|
|7||Some people wander aimlessly through life, but I am not one of them.||(f)|
|8||I live life one day at a time and don’t really think about the future.|
|9||I sometimes feel as if I’ve done all there is to do in life.|
Response choices for each item:
|Neither agree nor disagree||4||4|