ROS, MAP, MARS, Clinical Core
The hedonic approach to well-being focuses on the notion that experiencing pleasure and generally avoiding pain leads to happiness. The hedonic subscale is measured using 9 items from a modified version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being. The questions relate to self-acceptance, autonomy, and environmental mastery.
Participants are asked to rate how each item applies to themselves using a 7-point Likert rating scale (see below). Items that are positively worded are flipped so that higher ratings on all individual items indicate greater hedonic well-being. The subscale score is the mean of the item ratings, with a higher score relating to greater hedonic well-being.
Participants are presented the following items:
|Item no.||Item||Flipped (f)|
|1||I like most parts of my personality.||(f)|
|2||When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased with how things have turned out so far.||(f)|
|3||In many ways I feel disappointed about my achievements in life.|
|4||I tend to be influenced by people with strong opinions.|
|5||I have confidence in my own opinions, even if they are different from those of others.||(f)|
|6||I judge myself by what I think is important, not by the values of others.||(f)|
|7||The demands of everyday life often get me down.|
|8||In general, I feel I am in charge of the situation in which I live.||(f)|
|9||I am good at managing the responsibilities of daily life.||(f)|
Response choices for each item:
|Neither agree nor disagree||4||4|